п»їAge of Two extremes
The Short Twentieth 100 years, 1914 - 1991
The text I have chosen to analyse for this essay is definitely Eric Hobsbawm's historical epic " Age of Extremes -- The Short Twentieth Hundred years 1914 -- 1991". The text, originally printed in 1994, seeks to present a thorough yet necessarily broad analysis and (importantly) description of the world (albeit with a more attention provided to Europe) in the twentieth century, or more specifically, what Hobsbawm calls the " Brief Twentieth Century". Hobsbawm, in an attempt to make sense of his brief century, which began in 1914 together with the outset of World War One and ends with the collapse with the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics 20 years ago, breaks his work in to three key periods. First of all, The Age of Catastrophe (1914-1945), then the Gold Age (1950-1970) and, last but not least, the Landslide (1970-1989). Hobsbawm himself details the potential shortcomings inherent within a work that attempts to describe the period when the historian offers lived1, and despite problems his attempt for explaining such a century can be beyond amazing, even with the biases (for lack of a much better term) which might be predominant from this work. To get Hobsbawm, European countries is incredibly significant in the great the 20th century, nevertheless eclipsed by idea of the reds. Hobsbawm, a Marxist vem som st?r, places significant amounts of emphasis on communism and its associated nations and regimes in the work. In the case of 'The Brief Twentieth Century', we find that communism is given a very interesting prominence in the history of the earth, perhaps even also than the concept of Europe in his work. To Hobsbawm the October Innovation is a important point in record that underpins, essentially, the course of 20th century record. Hobsbawm's three time periods echo this give attention to communism (and where The european countries is concerned) the USSR. The first time period, the Age of Failure, is called these kinds of because it contains two truly devastating globe wars as well as the Great Depression. To Hobsbawm it is the unprecedented carnage of the 1st World Conflict and it's damaging consequences pertaining to Europe that leads to the Russian Revolution, which often established the ideological and economic dichotomy between capitalism and communism (and all their two 'representative' powers, the USA and USSR) that would master the span of twentieth 100 years history.
It is below, in the early part of Hobsbawm's history, that communism implies that it is a viable and working alternative to the regular Western financial and interpersonal practices. Since the , the burkha succumbs towards the " Wonderful Slump" (the Great Depression) and tolerante democracy practically vanishes2, communism (comparatively) gows best, encompassing a large amount of nations and governments internationally by the end of World Conflict Two. Hobsbawm also gives communism a credit for 2 key facets of bringing about the close of the Regarding Catastrophe as well as the beginning of the Fantastic Age; first of all, communism and capitalism (represented by the USSR and the USA) together defeated the fascist forces of Europe allowing for World Battle Two to visit a close. In this article, Europe is an important aspect of the history of the 20th century, yet compared to the connections between capitalism and the reds, almost feels like a backdrop to Hobsbawm's more important imaginaire competition. Second, it is communism (alongside the Great Slump) that saves capitalism and liberal democracy. By forcing the West to reform key political and socioeconomic concepts in the face of communist strength, capitalism and liberal democracy were then able to reassert themselves as modern and in a position social, monetary and political doctrines. three or more With the competition of capitalism and the reds now established, Hobsbawm states that the Glowing Age was performed possible due to the very mother nature of the competition; the Frosty War (more specifically the nuclear armaments of the USA and USSR) ensured that no land from either doctrine might ever truly attack the...
Bibliography: EricВ Hobsbawm, В 'AgeВ ofВ Extremes: В TheВ ShortВ TwentiethВ Century, В 1914В1991 ', Abacus Publishing, 95
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